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A paternity test can be defined as a medical blood test which cross-checks an unborn child’s DNA with that of a certain man (the alleged biological father), to establish a relationship between them. In simpler words, paternity tests are DNA tests which determine if a certain individual is the biological father of an unborn child.
According to the “American Pregnancy Association,” one should get a paternity test done from laboratories which are authorized by the AABB (American Association of Blood Banks). AABB has recognition all over the world as a leading accrediting source for DNA testing. Apart from that, AABB has its own relationship testing program with the name of “AABB Relationship Testing Accreditation Program.” This particular program of AABB has set quality standards and also evaluates and provides recognition to different laboratories who are concerned with “relationship testing.” Also, the American Pregnancy Association supports DNA Diagnostic Centers (DDC), because of the standards that they have maintained throughout while providing services and also keeping their focus on personal health and hygiene. Moreover, the DDC is also accredited by the AABB, thus, giving it a further strong and reliable position for DNA testing. Here’s a list of paternity tests that can be conducted while pregnant:
Non-invasive Prenatal Paternity Test (NIPP)
Also known as NIPP, and with an accuracy rate of 99.9%, this is one of the most accurate and reliable paternity tests out there to take while pregnant. By amalgamating both the use of the latest technology and the ways in which DNA is preserved, this paternity test checks the unborn baby’s DNA (which is naturally found in the baby’s mother’s bloodstream). The non-invasive prenatal paternity test can be conducted anytime after the span of 8 weeks of the pregnancy by taking the baby’s mother’s blood sample and also that of the alleged father against whose DNA it is being checked.
Amniocentesis Paternity Test
The procedure for this paternity test involves the doctor doing an ultrasound, and using it as a guide to insert a needle into your uterus taking the pathway of your abdomen. The needle inserted is then used to draw out a fluid like substance which is known as the amniotic fluid. This drawn-out fluid is then analyzed during the paternity test. However, this is a procedure that has its cons, which include:
Chorionic Villus Sampling (CVS)
The procedure for this particular paternity test involves the doctor using an ultrasound as a guide to insert either a thin needle or a tube into the mother’s vagina through the pathway of the cervix. The purpose of inserting either the needle or the tube is to collect a certain amount of sample of a substance which is known as the chorionic villi. The chorionic villi are the finger-like pieces of tissue that sprout from the chorion and can be found attached to the wall line of the uterus. Chorionic villi provide the most contact area of the fetus with the mother’s bloodstream. Moreover, the fact that both the chorionic villi and the fetus are a product of the same fertilized eggs further helps with the DNA testing. The time span for the Chorionic Villus Sampling (CVS) is the 10th week – 13th week of pregnancy. It is recommended to take this test as early as possible, for more accurate paternity test results.
While you’re here, listed under this section are different types of paternity tests that can be performed.
This particular paternity test is conducted after the birth of the child. The postnatal paternity test is either conducted right after the birth of the child or after the baby has been released from the hospital. When conducting this particular paternity test right after the birth of a child, the sample is collected from the umbilical cord. Whereas, if this particular paternity test is done after the baby has been discharged from the hospital, it is done through collecting the sample either from a cheek swab or a buccal or simply through collecting the blood and then performing a blood test.
This particular paternity test is also known as the “peace of mind paternity test.” To conduct this particular paternity test, one just has to purchase the paternity test kit either online or from any of your local drug stores or retailers. Once you have purchased the paternity test kit, the only thing left to do is collect the sample at home and then after collection, either send the collected sample to the nearest lab for DNA testing or drop it off yourself.
The legal paternity test is taken by people usually if they feel that they may need the “evidence” in a court of law or for some other legal procedure. In this particular paternity test, a third party collector, who is completely independent and unbiased, is responsible for either collecting or supervising the collection of the DNA sample. Then, the collector sends the collected sample himself to the lab for testing.
Listed below are the reasons as to why a paternity test should be conducted.
Recommended Read: 5 Reasons You Might Need A Legal Paternity Test