Check out the best deals on Laptops
Cataracts are the clouding of the eye due to protein build up. Cataracts result in visual disturbances that can be alleviated with surgical intervention. The Ophthalmologist will perform the surgery and remove the cataract. There are two types of surgeries that will be based on your individualized treatment plan.
If the patient is high risk or has other medical conditions that interfere with the ability of the surgeon to replace the anatomic lens with an artificial intraocular lens, then the cataract will be removed and the vision will be corrected using contact lenses or glasses. In most cases, however, when the cataracts are removed from the eye, the anatomic lens is removed and replaced with an intra-ocular lens. This intraocular lens will correct the patient’s vision, creating 20/20 visual acuity in most patients. If 20/20 is unattainable because there is another eye pathology present, then the vision will be corrected as realistically as possible giving the specific circumstances.
There are a variety of different intraocular lens types that will offer a spectrum of benefits. Therefore, it is imperative when determining if cataract surgery is the best option for your visual needs, to discuss the different intraocular lens types available that would provide you with the best possible outcomes. Intra-ocular lenses are made of either silicone or acrylic. Some of the different types of intraocular lens types include Monofocal IOLs, Multifocal IOLs, Accommodative IOLs and Toric IOLs.
The cataract removal surgery can be done outpatient in a surgery center. In many cases, if there are cataracts in both eyes, the surgery is performed on one eye and then after that eye heals, surgery is scheduled to remove the cataract from the other eye.
As with any surgery, there are associated risks. Risks associated with cataract surgery may include but are not limited to the following: eye infection, bleeding into the eye; swelling of the outside, inside or front of the eye; swelling of the retina; detached retina, damage to the other structures of the eye; pain in the eye, vision loss, dislocation of the intraocular lens.
Over time the new intraocular lens may begin to build up deposits that create cloudy vision post cataract removal. If this occurs a posterior capsulotomy can be performed in which a laser will break up these deposits that have built up in the intra-ocular lens. The posterior capsulotomy procedure will help to create a clear visual field providing that there is not any other underlying eye pathology.
Each individual is unique and responds to surgery differently. Therefore, it is imperative to speak with your Ophthalmologist so that an appropriate individualized plan of care can be established. Once an individualized plan of care has been established then appropriate intervention can be suggested.